function oxDone() { var gads = document.createElement('script'), useSSL = 'https:' === document.location.protocol, node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; gads.async = true; gads.type = 'text/javascript'; gads.src = (useSSL ? 'https:' : 'http:') + '//www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js'; node.parentNode.insertBefore(gads, node); } setTimeout(function() { if (!('OX' in window || 'oxhbjs' in window)) { oxDone(); } }, 2500); (function() { var openx = document.createElement('script'), useSSL = 'https:' === document.location.protocol, node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; openx.async = true; openx.type = 'text/javascript'; openx.src = (useSSL ? 'https:' : 'http:') + '//lovetk-d.openx.net/w/1.0/jstag?nc=1004147-LoveToKnow'; node.parentNode.insertBefore(openx, node); })(); ltk.ads = { retries: [], contentUnit: 'LTK_Business_Finance_Business_Content', debug: false, refreshInterval: 25000, excludedIds: ['ad-carambola-desktop', 'ad-carambola-mobile'], slots: [], numOxSlotsDefined: 0, define: function(id, unit, size, sizes, delay) { var help = this.helpers, debug = this.debug; var sizeDef = size; googletag.cmd.push(function() { if (sizeDef.length === 0) { sizeDef = help.getMaxSizeArr(sizes); } if (sizeDef.length) { if (debug) help.title('define'); var def = googletag.defineSlot('/1004147/' + unit, sizeDef, id) .addService(googletag.pubads()); if (ltk.ads.debug) help.logDeep('define unit: ' + unit + ' for ' + id); if (help.isOxAd(id)) { ltk.ads.numOxSlotsDefined++; if (ltk.ads.numOxSlotsDefined === OX_dfp_ads.length) { OX.dfp_bidder.setOxTargeting(); } if (debug) help.logDeep('set OX target: ' + sizeDef[0] + 'x' + sizeDef[1] + ' for ' + unit); } ltk.ads.slots.push({ id: id, ad: def, visible: false, firstRefresh: true, timer: { state: 'stopped', counter: (ltk.ads.refreshInterval / 1000), isStopped: function() { return this.state === 'stopped'; }, isPaused: function() { return this.state === 'paused'; }, isActive: function() { return this.state === 'active'; }, getState: function() { return this.state; }, pause: function() { this.state = 'paused'; if (debug) help.logTimerPaused('pause timer for ' + id + ': ' + help.getSlotById(id).timer.state); }, resume: function() { this.state = 'active'; if (this.counter <= 1) this.counter++; // make sure we have a minimum impression time of 1 sec if (debug) help.logTimerPaused('resume timer for ' + id + ': ' + help.getSlotById(id).timer.state); }, startTimer: function(slot) { this.state = 'active'; // set to a property in case we need to clear it slot.timer.interval = setInterval(function() { if (!slot.timer.isPaused() && !slot.timer.isStopped() && slot.visible) { if (debug) help.logTimer('refresh ' + id + ' in ' + slot.timer.counter + ' seconds'); slot.timer.counter--; } else { if (debug) help.logTimerPaused('remain paused for ' + id); } if (slot.timer.counter < 0) { ltk.ads.refresh(slot.id); slot.timer.counter = (ltk.ads.refreshInterval / 1000); } }, 1000); } } }); googletag.display(id); // needed only for wrangling sticky ads on load if (debug) help.logDeep('pre-render the ad so sticky ads actually stick'); if (!delay) { if (debug) help.logDeep('see no delay, so request initial fetch and display of the ad'); ltk.ads.refresh(id); } } }); }, refresh: function(id) { var help = this.helpers, debug = this.debug; if (debug) { help.title('refresh'); } googletag.cmd.push(function() { var ad_slot = help.getSlotById(id), ad = ad_slot.ad; if (!ad_slot.firstRefresh && help.isAdOldEnough(ad_slot) === false) { var age = (((new Date()) - ad_slot.timer.last) / 1000); if (debug) { console.log( '%cNot refreshing ... ' + ad_slot.id + ' is only ' + age + ' seconds old', 'background:red;color:white;' ); } return; } if (!ad_slot.firstRefresh && !ad_slot.visible) return; // we won't refresh unless we're visible to google if (help.isOxAd(ad_slot)) { if (debug) help.log('refresh the OX DFP ad for ' + id); OX.dfp_bidder.refresh(function() { OX.dfp_bidder.setOxTargeting([ad]); googletag.pubads().refresh([ad]); }); } else { if (debug) help.log('refresh the non-OX ad ' + id); googletag.pubads().refresh([ad]); } }); }, listen: function(name, handler) { googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.pubads().addEventListener(name, handler); }); }, handleImpressionViewable: function(event) { var help = ltk.ads.helpers, debug = ltk.ads.debug; var id = event.slot.getSlotElementId(), slot = help.getSlotById(id); if (debug) { help.title('impressionViewable'); help.logDeep('see event triggered for ' + id); } slot.visible = true; if (slot.timer.isStopped()) { if (debug) help.logDeep('am starting the timer'); slot.timer.startTimer(); return; } if (slot.timer.isPaused()) { if (debug) help.logDeep('am resuming the timer'); slot.timer.resume(); } }, handleSlotRenderEnded: function(event) { var help = ltk.ads.helpers, debug = ltk.ads.debug; if (debug) { help.title('slotRenderEnded'); help.logDeep('see event triggered for ' + event.slot.getSlotElementId()); } var slot = help.getSlotById(event.slot.getSlotElementId()); if (slot.firstRefresh === true) slot.firstRefresh = false; slot.timer.last = new Date(); if (slot.visible && slot.timer.isStopped()) { if (debug) help.logDeep('am starting the timer'); slot.timer.startTimer(); return; } if (slot.visible && slot.timer.isPaused()) { if (debug) help.logDeep('am resuming the timer'); slot.timer.resume(); } }, handleSlotVisibilityChanged: function(event) { var help = ltk.ads.helpers, debug = ltk.ads.debug; var id = event.slot.getSlotElementId(), perc = event.inViewPercentage, slot = help.getSlotById(id), wasVisible = slot.visible; if (!help.isValidAd(slot)) return; if (debug) { help.title('slotVisiblityChanged'); help.logDeep('see that slotVisibilityChanged was triggered for ' + id); } slot.visible = perc < 50 ? false : true; // same criteria as 'impressionViewable' event var changedOn = !wasVisible && slot.visible, changedOff = wasVisible && !slot.visible; if (debug) { help.logDeep('see that ad was ' + (wasVisible ? 'visible ' : 'not visible ') + 'and is now ' + (slot.visible ? 'visible' : 'not visible')); help.logDeep('see that ' + id + ' has timer as: ' + slot.timer.getState()); } if (changedOn && slot.timer.isStopped()) { if (debug) help.logDeep('am starting the timer'); slot.timer.startTimer(slot); return; } if (changedOn && slot.timer.isPaused()) { if (debug) help.logDeep('am resuming the timer'); slot.timer.resume(); return; } if (changedOff && slot.timer.isActive()) { if (debug) help.logDeep('am pausing the timer'); slot.timer.pause(); } }, helpers: { getMaxSizeArr: function(arr) { var len = arr.length, i = len - 1, retArr = []; for (; i >= 0; i--) { var minVpSize = arr[i][0], minVpWidth = minVpSize[0], minVpHeight = minVpSize[1], allowedAdSizes = arr[i][1]; if (window.innerWidth >= minVpWidth && window.innerHeight >= minVpHeight) { retArr = allowedAdSizes; break; } } return retArr; }, getSlotById: function(id) { for (var i = 0; i < ltk.ads.slots.length; i++) { if (ltk.ads.slots[i].id === id) return ltk.ads.slots[i]; } }, isOxAd: function(ad_slot) { for (var i = 0; i < OX_dfp_ads.length; i++) { if (OX_dfp_ads[i][2] === ad_slot.id) return true; } return false; }, isValidAd: function(ad_slot) { for (var i = 0; i < ltk.ads.excludedIds.length; i++) { if (ad_slot.id === ltk.ads.excludedIds[i]) return false; } return true; }, isAdOldEnough: function(ad_slot) { var timeSpan = Math.ceil(((new Date()) - ad_slot.timer.last) / 1000); var min = Math.ceil(ltk.ads.refreshInterval / 1000); if (timeSpan >= min) { if (ltk.ads.debug) { ltk.ads.helpers.log( 'see that ' + ad_slot.id + ' was refreshed ' + timeSpan + ' seconds ago' ); } return true; } return false; }, title: function(str) { console.log( '%c' + ltk.ads.helpers.getTime() + ' ' + str, 'background:black;color:white;font-weight:bold' ); }, titleDeep: function(str) { console.log( '%c' + ltk.ads.helpers.getTime() + ' ' + str, 'background:black;color:white;font-weight:bold' ); }, log: function(str) { console.log( '%c' + ltk.ads.helpers.getTime() + ' I: ' + '%c' + str, 'background:black;color:orchid;font-weight:bold', 'background:black;color:limegreen;font-weight:bold' ); }, logDeep: function(str) { console.log( '%c' + ltk.ads.helpers.getTime() + ' I: ' + '%c' + str, 'background:black;color:orchid;font-weight:bold', 'background:black;color:limegreen;font-weight:bold' ); }, logTimer: function(str) { console.log('%cI will ' + str, 'background:orange;color:red'); }, logTimerPaused: function(str) { console.log('%cI ' + str, 'background:green;color:white;font-weight:bold'); }, getTime: function() { var d = new Date(), h = d.getHours() + '', m = d.getMinutes() + '', s = d.getSeconds() + ''; h = h.length < 2 ? ('0' + h) : h; m = m.length < 2 ? ('0' + m) : m; s = s.length < 2 ? ('0' + s) : s; return h + ':' + m + ':' + s; } } } googletag.cmd.push(function() { var pubads = googletag.pubads(); pubads.set('page_url', location.href); pubads.collapseEmptyDivs(); pubads.enableSingleRequest(); pubads.disableInitialLoad(); googletag.enableServices(); }); if (ltk.type !== 'Slideshow') { ltk.ads.listen('impressionViewable', ltk.ads.handleImpressionViewable); ltk.ads.listen('slotVisibilityChanged', ltk.ads.handleSlotVisibilityChanged); } ltk.ads.listen('slotRenderEnded', ltk.ads.handleSlotRenderEnded); Examples of a Character Reference Letter

Examples of a Character Reference Letter

Mary Gormandy White
Writing a Letter

While being asked to write a character reference letter can be flattering, it can also be a bit intimidating. If you need to create this type of letter, consider using one of the sample letters provided here as a starting point rather than beginning from a blank page.

Sample Character Reference Letters

The sample letters below can all be downloaded, edited, saved and printed. Choose the template that best represents your relationship to the person you're writing a letter for and you'll be on your way to penning an effective letter that accurately conveys the points you want to share. If you need help downloading any of these letters, check out these helpful tips for working with printables.

1. Character Reference for a Colleague

If you need to write a character letter for a current or former co-worker employee, this is the right letter for you to use. Just click the image below to get started.

2. Character Reference for a Personal Contact

If you are asked to write a character reference on behalf of a personal contact, the letter below is the best option for you. It will work whether you're writing a letter for a classmate, someone you met through a community organization, a teammate or anyone else with which you have a personal relationship. Click the image to download the document.

3. Character Reference for a Student

If you're a teacher who has been asked to write a character reference for a student, the letter template below is designed for your needs. Click the image below to access the document.

Consider the Implications

Any time you agree to provide a reference for someone, it's important to consider the implications. The letter you write can help or hinder someone's chances of accomplishing a goal can be very important to that person. Only accept if you can truthfully provide a positive, helpful reference and if you plan to honor your commitment. Once you have accepted, follow through with what you have promised to do and do so in a timely, professional manner.

Examples of a Character Reference Letter